In-situ synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite from metakaolin/spinel and its catalytic performance on methanol conversion
China Petrol Proc & Petrochem Techn
ZSM-5 zeolite was in-situ synthesized from metakaolin or spinel by incorporating additional silica and alumina sources, respectively. The ZSM-5 zeolite was characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and N2 adsorption measurement. This supported zeolite was tested on the methanol to propylene (MTP) processes. Experimental results showed that the ZSM-5 zeolite exhibited high selectivity for propylene. The yield of propylene on ZSM-5 zeolite made from metakaolin was increased by 17.73%, while that on ZSM-5 zeolite made from spinel was raised by 9.90%, compared to that achieved with the commercial ZSM-5 zeolite. The significant increase in propylene production is probably due to the distinctive morphology of the ZSM-5 zeolite, which possessed a rough external surface covered with sphere-like particles and distribution of small crystals sized at around 400-500 nm. This morphology could help to generate more crystal defects so that more active centers could be exposed to the reaction mixture. In addition, the zeolite product had a gradient pore distribution and many medium Br?nsted acid sites, both of which might also contribute to increased propylene production.
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