China Petroleum Processing & Petrochemical Technology ›› 2022, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 149-160.

• Review • Previous Articles    

Photocatalysts for photocatalytic CO2 reduction:A review

Lizhong Zhang   

  • Received:2022-02-13 Revised:2021-10-07 Online:2022-03-30 Published:2022-03-30
  • Contact: Lizhong Zhang

Abstract: Energy crisis and environmental pollution have become vitally severe challenges for the current society. During the circumstances of pursuing carbon peak and carbon neutrality, photocatalytic CO2 reduction will be an essential, necessary and even inevitable development requirement and trend. However, there are some bottlenecks that need to be addressed immediately, such as low quantum efficiency and narrow light absorption range for single photocatalysts. Therefore, efficient and stable visible light driving materials are the core challenge in the field of photocatalytic CO2 conversion. This paper reviewed the photocatalysts used for CO2 reduction classified as metal photocatalysts, non-metal photocatalysts, and MOFs photocatalysts, and the CO2 reduction capacity and mechanism of different photocatalysts were described. In the end, the problems to be solved and the future development of photocatalytic CO2 reduction were summarized.

Key words: Photocatalysis, CO2 reduction, Metal catalyst, Non-metal catalyst