中国炼油与石油化工

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高酸值原油的组成和成因分析

蔡新恒,田松柏   

  1. 中国石化石油化工科学研究院
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-03 修回日期:2010-11-24 出版日期:2011-03-31
  • 通讯作者: 田松柏

Review and comprehensive analysis of composition and origin of high acidity crude oils

Cai Xin-heng,Song-Bai Tian   

  • Received:2010-08-03 Revised:2010-11-24 Online:2011-03-31
  • Contact: Song-Bai Tian

摘要: 高酸值原油与常规原油相比有价格优势,但存在腐蚀及相关炼制问题,是炼油行业中“机会原油”之一。高酸值原油储量巨大、价格低廉,是国家和炼化企业在21世纪的重要战略后备资源。近年来,针对高酸值原油的研究越来越多,也愈深入,基于已有的这些研究成果,本文综合分析了高酸值原油中酸性物质的组成及分布,总结了高酸值原油的成因类型及其影响因素。

Abstract: High acidity crude oils have an advantage over normal oils in price, but can cause corrosion and refinery problems. They are so called opportunity crudes and likely to be important reserved resources in 21st century. Researches on high acidity crude oils are becoming more and more profound. Based on the existing research achievements, this article has given an overview of the chemical composition and acid distribution of high acidity oils, also analyzed their origin types and potential influence factors.