中国炼油与石油化工 ›› 2012, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (3): 1-9.

• Review •    下一篇

钯基甲烷催化燃烧催化剂的研究进展

刘文革1,2,郭德勇2,徐鑫1   

  1. 1. 国家安全生产监督管理总局信息研究院
    2. 中国矿业大学(北京)资源与安全工程学院
  • 收稿日期:2012-06-06 修回日期:2012-05-12 出版日期:2012-09-30 发布日期:2012-10-22
  • 通讯作者: 刘文革 E-mail:liuwenge@coalinfo.net.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

Research Progress of Palladium Catalysts for Methane Combustion

  • Received:2012-06-06 Revised:2012-05-12 Online:2012-09-30 Published:2012-10-22
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China

摘要: 本文针对研究最为广泛的Pd基贵金属甲烷催化燃烧催化剂,综述了活性物种、前驱体、溶剂、制备方法、载体、助剂等因素对Pd基催化剂活性、热稳定性的影响及导致催化剂的失活与中毒的原因,并对Pd基催化剂反应动力学模型及反应机理进行总结阐述。

关键词: 甲烷, 催化燃烧, 钯催化剂, 动力学

Abstract: Recent research progress and developments of the palladium catalysts for methane combustion are described in this study. Influences of active species, precursor, solvent, preparation methodologies, support and promoter on the catalytic activity and thermal stability of the palladium catalysts are discussed. Results of the deactivation and poisoning of the palladium catalysts are analyzed. Moreover, possible kinetic models and reaction mechanism are indicated for Pd catalysts.

Key words: methane, catalytic combustion, palladium catalysts, kinetics